Impeller Pump (from Internet Glossary of Pumps)
Impeller Pump
Probably this is the most versatile pump of all. Impeller mechanisms are the basis of thousands of types of pumps.

The number of blades can vary from 1 to 10 or more. They operate over a wide speed range -- from less than 30 to more than 3000 RPM.

Impeller pumps are excellent for moving impure liquids since they do not clog very easily. For very impure liquids such as sludge, a single blade is sometimes used.

Impeller pumps range in diameter from less than a quarter inch to 10 feet or more. Sometimes they have diffusers to increase efficiency.

Sometimes the output of one impeller is fed directly into another impeller to increase the head. As many as six or ten might be linked together, or connected in two facing sets to double the output and even the pressures on the shaft and pump casing.

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Last modified February, 2002
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